All of the neurons in V5 are motion selective, and most are directionally selective. MRI of the brain: LM’s impression of movement depended on the direction of the movement horizontal vs vertical , the velocity, and whether she fixated in the center of the motion path or tracked the object with her eyes. The akinetopsic symptom was paroxysmal and recurrent. However, when the object was moved from side to side or back and forth, he reported that he did not see it and he could not catch it. Auditory sensation and colour vision were normal. Case report The patient was a year-old right-handed Japanese man.

Disorders of motion and depth. A change in brain structure typically lesions disturbs the psychological process of understanding sensory information, in this case visual information. LM had no evidence of a color discrimination deficit in either center or periphery of visual fields. Epilepsy Behav Case Rep. Localizing and lateralizing features of auras and seizures. The visual symptom was diagnosed as an epileptic seizure, and treatment with antiepileptic drugs was started. The patient reported that the difficulty was between her finger and her eyes.

akinetopsia case study

Lesions more often cause gross akinetopsia. The visual symptom was diagnosed as an epileptic seizure, and treatment with antiepileptic drugs was started.

akinetopsia case study

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. Although TD had some impairments of lower visual functions, these could not explain the problems she experienced with regard to motion perception. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

He could state the new position of the object left, right, up, downbut saw “nothing akinettopsia between”. However, the feeling that the whole view was shaking appeared. Selective disturbance of movement vision after bilateral brain damage.


Symptoms of akinetopsia associated with traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer’s disease. Patients have profound motion blindness and struggle in performing the activities of daily living.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. He bumped into a person walking towards him because he was invisible.

Akinetopsia – Case Study 2 by Katie Resnick on Prezi

Cerebral akinetopsia visual motion blindness. Selective disturbance of movement vision after bilateral brain damage. She developed very efficient coping strategies to do this and nevertheless lived her life.

The patient could not grab a ball which the examiner threw him. After leaving the hospital, he discovered various symptoms he had never experienced before the bypass surgery; moving objects were invisible for him.

akinetopsia case study

Evidence from unilateral cerebral brain damage. Most of what is known about this extremely rare condition was learned through the case study of one patient, LM. Because of the lack of ictal EEG record, we were unable to determine the ictal onset zone of the seizures.

In Phi phenomenon two circular spots of light appear alternating. Akinetopsia through lesions is rare, because damage to the occipital lobe usually disturbs more than one visual function. The neurons of the middle temporal cortex respond to moving stimuli and hence the middle temporal cortex is the motion-processing area of the cerebral cortex.

Although understanding neural basis of motion vision has been advanced by extending research including sophisticated functional neuroimaging, the mechanisms of invisibility of moving objects remain unexplained.


Introduction Akinetopsia is a rare syndrome in which a patient specifically loses the ability to perceive visual motion following bilateral cortical lesions outside the striate cortex [1].

Invisibility of moving objects: a core symptom of motion blindness

We describe a akibetopsia who showed akinetopsia as epileptic seizures. She also never reported any impression of motion in depth of the spiral. The test was performed under purely tactile blindfoldedpurely visual glass over the boardor tactile-visual condition. The patient was asked to determine the direction of the dot movement. The right temporal spikes on EEG had disappeared.


Only the first reported case by Ziel et al and our patient reported invisibility of moving objects. The pathophysiology of akinetopsia palinopsia is not known, but it has been hypothesized to be due to inappropriate activation of physiological motion suppression mechanisms which are normally used to maintain visual stability during eye movements e.

Other intact functions include visual space perception and visual identification of shapes, objects, and faces. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. KN was involved in critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content and approved the final version of the manuscript. Additionally, she also lost akinetopsai significant amount of her visual field and had anomic aphasia.