Examining the nature of educational inclusion for students labelled with a specific learning disability SLD Joanne Maree Webber In fact, despite this openness, qualitative content analysis is strictly controlled methodologically and the material is analyzed in a step-by-step process see Section 4. YIN, we can say that “[u]sing case studies for research purposes remains one of the most challenging of all social science endeavors” YIN, a, p. Even though they concede that this is “not a particularly satisfactory approach,” they claim that “it is not infrequently used” REMENYI et al. BERELSON’s book “Content analysis in communication research” first published was the first compendium of the methods and goals of quantitative content analysis which had been developed up to that time, and which concentrated on assessment on the basis of frequency analyses BERELSON,

Finally the use of qualitative content analysis for developing case studies is examined and evaluated. Articles Cited by Co-authors. Inclusion of quantitative steps of analysis: Since arguments concerning the content are judged to be more important than methodical issues in qualitative analysis, validity takes priority over reliability MAYRING, , p. Research Question, Aim and Structure of the Paper.

Besides, case study research design can be used with other research strategies to address related research questions in different phases of a research project, and yet a further strategy would be to start with exploratory case study research and then to test the emerging findings in wider survey-based research HARTLEY,p.

Since then MAYRING’s works seem to have become standard literature on qualitative content analysis and some regularly appear in new editions e.

These attempts share the conception that qualitative and quantitative methods should be viewed as complementary rather than as rival camps JICK,p.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research

Article Tools Print this article. However, there does not seem to exist a homogenous understanding of this method at present, but originally the term “referred only to those methods that concentrate on directly and clearly quantifiable aspects of text content, and as a rule on absolute and relative okhlbacher of words per text or surface unit” TITSCHER et al. Mayring, PhilippFebruary.


Furthermore, for case studies, theory development as part of the design phase is essential, whether the ensuing case study’s purpose is to develop or test theory, with theory development taking place prior to the collection of any case study data being an essential step in doing case studies YIN, a, pp.

Journal of Business Research 69 8, Examining the nature of educational inclusion for students labelled with a specific learning disability SLD Joanne Maree Webber Social research methods 2nd ed. According to GILLHAMthe “essence of content analysis is identifying substantive statements—statements that really say something” p. Categories are understood as the more or less operational definitions of variables.

Kombination und Quslitative qualitativer und quantitativer Analyse Philipp Mayring Research Question, Aim and Structure of the Paper. Within a feedback loop the categories are revised, eventually reduced to main categories and checked in respect to their reliability MAYRING, a, [12].

In contrast to this, MAYRING’s qualitative content analysis is not only an approach to analyzing documents but also a sophisticated and concretely described method at the same time. First, case study research as a research strategy within qualitative social research is briefly presented. In the case of using qualitative content analysis in case study research, triangulation takes actually place on two different levels. Thus, a clear and concise definition of qualitative research can hardly be found.

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the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research florian kohlbacher

STAKE concurs, suggesting that case studies have become “one of the most common ways to do qualitative inquiry” p. Therefore, qualitative content analysis can be viewed as a comprehensive approach to stucy analysis, which seems to be especially suitable for case study research.

But within the framework of qualitative approaches it is essential to develop the aspects of interpretation—the categories—as closely as possible to the material, and to formulate them in terms of the material.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research – ePubWU

The author argues in favor of both case study research as a research strategy—trying to disprove the critiques just mentioned—and qualitative content analysis as a method of examination of data material.


They are predominant, but quantitative data and its analysis can add to the overall picture” p.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research florian kohlbacher

Knowledge-based New Product Development: Construct validity relates, for instance, to previous success with similar constructs, established models and theories, and representative interpretations.

At the same time he seeks to encourage the integration of qualitative content analysis into the important step of data analysis in case study research. This is of course only a very superficial and over-simplified assumption of the distinction between quantitative and qualitative research methods.

The qualitative step of analysis consists of a methodologically controlled assignment of the category to a passage of text MAYRING, a, [13]. In contrast xase this, STAKE identifies three types of case studies— intrinsicinstrumentaland collective —with the distinction between intrinsic and instrumental a collective case study is instrumental study extended to several qualitahive addressing the degree to which the focus is on the unique or the generalizable features of the case research pp.

BRYMAN states that qualitative content analysis is cwse the most prevalent approach to the qualitative analysis of documents” and that it “comprises a searching-out of underlying themes in the materials being analyzed” p. Topics Discussed in This Paper Interpretation logic. The procedure has the pretension to be inter-subjectively comprehensible, to compare the results with other studies in the sense of triangulation floriwn to carry out checks for reliability.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research florian kohlbacher

This section presents the research question underlying the analysis and discussion in the following sections and gives a short outline of the paper, explaining its aim, structure and scope. At the same time, qualitative content analysis uses a rule-based and methodologically controlled approach in order to deal with the kohlbachef and gradually reduce it.

Central to it is a category system which is developed right on the material employing a theory-guided procedure.