Invoking the so-called unities from Aristotle’s Poetics as interpreted by Italian and refined by French scholars over the last century , the four speakers discuss what makes a play “a just and lively imitation” of human nature in action. But if no latitude is to be allowed a Poet, you take from him not only his license of quidlibet audendi [daring what he wills—ed. After this, the Father enters to the Daughter, and now the Scene is in a House: But it is to raise envy to the living, to compare them with the dead. Essay of Dramatic Poesie is a work by John Dryden , England’s first Poet Laureate , in which Dryden attempts to justify drama as a legitimate form of “poetry” comparable to the epic, as well as defend English drama against that of the ancients and the French.
And this I conceive to be one reason why Comedy is more pleasing to us, and Tragedies to them. But when Laberius, a Roman Knight, at his request contended in the Mime with another Poet, he was forced to cry out, Etiam favente me victus es Laben [Even with me favoring you, Laberius, you are beaten—ed. As for the French, though they have the word humeur among them, yet they have small use of it in their Comedies, or Farces; they being but ill imitations of the ridiculum , or that which stirred up laughter in the old Comedy. Though he died in , John Dryden is usually considered a writer of the 18th rather than the 17th century. Essay on Poetic Theory. This it is to which in fine all your reasons must submit.
An Essay of Dramatic Poesy Summary by John Dryden
For Neander, tragicomedy is the best form of drama. Preface to Lyrical Ballads Unit 4: An essay of dramatic poesy: Eugenius restrains him from wasting time on finding demerits.
Jhon Scene of mirth mixed with Tragedy has the same effect upon us which our music has betwixt the Acts, and that we find a relief to us from the best Plots and language of the Stage, if the discourses have been long. Priestley 18th January In fine, if he be not one of those whom the French would call un mauvais buffon ; one that is so much a well-willer to the Satire, that he spares no man; and though he cannot strike a blow to hurt any, yet ought to be punished for the malice of the action, as our Witches are justly hanged because they think themselves so; and suffer deservedly for believing they did mischief, because they meant it.
Essay of Dramatick Poesie – Wikipedia
At this, he ends up his conversation. Literary Theory and Criticism. And you inferred from thence, that Rhyme, which you acknowledge to be proper to Epic Poesy cannot equally be proper to Dramatick, unless we could suppose all men born so much more than Poets, that verses should be made in them, not by them. He defends the classical drama saying that it is an imitation of life and reflects human nature clearly. Grief and Passion are like floods raised in little Brooks by a sudden rain; they are quickly up, and if the concernment be poured unexpectedly in upon us, it overflows us: Other figures, such as George But that the Poet might entertain you with more variety all this while, he reserves some new Characters to show you, which he opens not till the second and third Act.
The Essay was probably written during the plague year ofand first published in The Master piece of Seneca I hold to be that Scene in the Troadeswhere Ulysses is seeking for Astyanax to kill him; There you see the tenderness of a Mother, so represented in Andromache, that it raises compassion to a high degree in the Reader, and bears the nearest resemblance of any thing in their Tragedies to the excellent Scenes of Passion in Shakespeare, or in Fletcher: In the unity of time you find them so scrupulous, that it yet remains a dispute among their Poets, whether the artificial day of twelve hours more or less, be not meant by Aristotle, rather than the natural one of twenty four; and consequently whether all Plays ought not to be reduced into that compass?
John Dryden An Essay Of Dramatic Poesy Türkçe
The old Rule of Logic might have convinced him, that contraries when placed near, set off each other. Any sudden gust of passion as an ecstasy of love in an unexpected meeting cannot better be expressed than in a word and a sigh, breaking one another.
Dramaticc continuity of Scenes is observed more than in any of our Plays, excepting his own Fox and Alchemist. Quodcunque ostendis mihi sic, incredulus odi. The same custom they observed likewise in their Tragedies.
A year later, the two brothers-in-law quarreled publicly over this third topic. In short, there is no indecorum in any of our modern Plays, which if I would excuse, I could not shadow with some Authority from the Ancients. Since that time it is grown into a custom, and their Actors speak by the Hour-glass, as our Parsons do; nay, they account it the grace of their parts: As for Comedy, Repartee is one of its chiefest graces; the greatest pleasure of the Audience is a chase of wit kept up on both sides, and swiftly managed.
While these vast floating bodies, on either side, moved against each other in parallel lines, and our Country dryven, under the happy conduct of his Royal Highness, went breaking, dramatuc little and little, into the line of the Enemies; the noise of the Cannon from both Navies reached our ears about the City: And indeed, the indecency of tumults is all which can be objected against fighting: Tragedies and Comedies were not writ then as they are now, promiscuously, by the same person; but he who found his genius bending to the one, never attempted the other way.
Eryden was going to continue this Discourse, when Lisideius told him it was necessary, before they proceeded further, to take a standing measure of their Controversy; for how was drgden possible to be decided who writ the best Plays, before we know what a Play should be? Blank Verse is acknowledged to be too low for a Poem, nay more, for a paper of verses; but if too low for an ordinary Sonnet, how much more for Tragedy, which is by Aristotle in the dispute betwixt the Epic Poesy and the Dramatick; for many reasons he there alleges ranked above it.
It has been observed of Arts and Sciences, that in one and the same Century they have arrived to a great perfection; and no wonder, since every Age has a kind of Universal Genius, which inclines those that live in it to some particular Studies: All which he moves afterwards in by-walks, or under-Plots, as diversions to the main design, lest it should grow tedious, though they are still naturally joined with it, and somewhere or other subservient to it.
Crites opposes rhyme in plays and argues that though the moderns excel in sciences, the ancient age was the true age of poetry. Qui Bavium non odit, etc. He managed his strength to more advantage than any who preceded him.