The interview guide contained questions about the impact of AEC on the medical profession, the validity of the medical license, and other important issues relevant to MLE. Challenging as they may seem due to the huge diversity of healthcare financing arrangements among countries, co-financing mechanisms between sending and receiving countries may also be explored. Two interesting concepts emerged from the interviews. The triple disease burden and increasing inter and intra country migration implies that flexibility and adaptation by the region’s health systems is needed. Conversely, even before their respective UHC projects have commenced, the two sending countries, Indonesia and Philippines, have already begun considering health protection for the migrants that they deploy overseas. Covering undocumented migrants may be misconstrued as condoning irregular migration, even if international human rights instruments that guarantee the right to health to all people regardless of migrant status already exist. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more.

The thematic analysis was further tested during discussions amongst the study team. Worse, foreign workers are ineligible for medical subsidies; in excess of what the medical insurance package can cover, employers are then required to bear the full costs of medical treatment. Consequently, UHC progress in these countries varies. Central to partnership working is an awareness of different working cultures and the roles of individuals and professionals can influence outcomes of collaboration. The first part of this study deals with only publicly available information. This system occasionally results in difficulties in reimbursements among migrants who are hospitalized overseas. However, more important than frugality is the third noteworthy issue which is the needed flexibility in deploying funds.

essay filipino reader in the era of asean integration

Government expenditure on health as a percentage of total expenditure of health ranged from There is low utilization of health services because of geographically remote mountainous areas and poverty in Lao PDR. However, irregular migration remains a huge challenge especially for Indonesia.

While conventionally, destination countries are expected to ensure access to healthcare for migrants that they receive, source countries have also begun providing basic health coverage for their outgoing migrants. In order to access public health services, migrant workers need to produce their private insurance card at the hospital registration counter, omitting the need for upfront cash payments Supply side constraints affect essential health inteyration coverage for UHC, a key indicator of which is immunization rates.

UHC can be achieved — even among low and middle-income countries — by strengthening the health system, securing sustainable and equitable financing, selecting the right benefit package, and reorganizing domestic health expenditures to be used more esay 249 — The region is home to dynamic systems in which biological, social, ecological, and technological processes interconnect in ways that enable microbes to exploit new ecological niches Among the three main receiving countries, demand for migrant labor remains high.


Essay filipino reader in the era of asean integration – Air Soluitons – кондиционерные системы

Asean integration to advantages that should make integration beneficial to Filipino held here and organized by the Network Asean Asean integration integragion upon us. To gain a better understanding of the national systems, we first checked the official website of medical schools listed in the International Medical Education Directory IMED that offered MLE-relevant information UHC is the hallmark of a government’s commitment to improve the wellbeing of all its citizens.

For example, in Indonesia, 7.

essay filipino reader in the era of asean integration

In case of lack of available data, secondary data sources including official websites of medical universities, colleagues in international and national medical student organizations, and some other appropriate Internet sources were used. It is the first-ever report of its kind that focused on migrant well-being, thereby placing the migrant at the center of migration discourse ASEAN needs to fundamentally re-examine how health care services are structured and delivered while also being aware of the resource availability of well-resourced compared to low-resourced countries.

Government subsidies for health are not sufficiently protecting the poor while reversed subsidies benefit the rich, exacerbating existing inequalities. While a major consideration for the selection is the familiarity with and interest in these identified countries among the authors, these countries also best represent the entire Southeast Asian region in terms of both migration trends and UHC status.

There must be explicit political commitment to expanding healthcare coverage and ensuring affordability for healthcare users, as can be observed in policy reforms in Indonesia and Singapore. Funding agencies need to recognise this and strike that balance filpino appropriate governance and accountability and enabling recipients to work efficiently and expeditiously.

Worse, foreign workers are ineligible for medical subsidies; in excess of what the medical insurance package can ov, employers are then required to bear the full costs of medical treatment.

Migrant coverage still needs to be expanded, since, as of Augustthe scheme has only registered 66, out of the 1 million targeted beneficiaries Significant fhe has been made in expanding the coverage of health insurance, despite the existing gaps of insurance coverage across these countries Fig. With a large geographical archipelagic area, another huge challenge is to provide equal access to healthcare, including for populations in remote areas and islands of Indonesia.


Special Issue: ASEAN Integration and its Health Implications

It highlights the need to be culturally aware when engaging stakeholders and the patient groups. The Filipino ReaderCon is a yearly event for Filipino readers of every persuasion.

essay filipino reader in the era of asean integration

Of the 35 participating hospitals insome are corporatized public entities e. Two interesting concepts emerged from the interviews. However, as a percentage of population, migrants make up almost half of Singapore’s total population, compared to only ni.

Essay filipino reader in the era of asean integration

Migrant inclusion in UHC is a human rights imperative, and it is in ASEAN’s eea interest to protect the health of migrants as it pursues the path toward collective social progress and regional economic prosperity.

Vietnam needs a stronger enforcement mechanism for the formal sector as well as effective measures and support to enroll the informal sector in the scheme. Furthermore, ideally, migrant-relevant health services such as medical screening and packages for travel- and occupation-related conditions should also be included in the range of benefits covered.

It is a medical endowment fund set up by the government to cover those who cannot pay medical bills, covering those with lower incomes but also those who earn more but face large bills relative to their income. In practice, this already happens to some extent — Singapore maintains a sophisticated burns unit which de facto serves the region.

In Singapore, there is less explicit promotion to attract foreign patients by the MOH, as there has been in Thailand, where inteegration tourism is delivered and driven mainly by private hospitals