This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. A review [1] of the medical literature from early lists over thirty published cases of lycanthropy, only the minority of which have wolf or dog themes. Metamorphoses of the Werewolf: There are also reports of people who experienced transformation into an animal only listed as “unspecified”. Werewolves, Physicians and Rationalization”.

Again, the person believes that he or she is has turned into an animal Hallucinations: Belief in Transforming Another Person into a Wolf: According to Coltheart et al. Clinical lycanthropy has been seen as a cultural manifestation of schizophrenia due to the first four symptomatic criteria:. On physical examination scaly lesions on the scalp were found, generalized rigidity, and short step gait. Over the past decade, various brain imaging studies have pointed to specific brain areas that appear to be essential for creating the sense of physical existence, and perceiving our body schema, Blom said.

He persisted with the ideas of police persecution.

Real-Life Werewolves: Psychiatry Re-Examines Rare Delusion

Belief in Transforming Another Person into a Wolf: History of Psychiatry Elaborated from [ 11 ]. A study [3] on lycanthropy from the McLean Hospital reported on a series of cases and proposed some diagnostic criteria by which lycanthropy could be recognised:.

The patient studh hospitalized for three days. Advances in Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation. The patient was significantly improved after two weeks of treatment.

clinical lycanthropy case study

He began to say that he was guilty for all the bad things he had done, as being unfaithful and attempting to rape his niece and sister-in-law. Psychosis Delusional disorders Shapeshifting Werewolves Culture-bound syndromes.


He showed no improvement with this therapy. There have been cases of transformations into a hyena, cat, horse, bird, or tiger. It differs from persecutory delusions, where patients are great ontologists, creating rich worlds and new metaphysical identities [ 1 ]. Neuroticstress -related and somatoform Anxiety disorder Phobia Agoraphobia Social anxiety Social phobia Anthropophobia Specific social phobia Specific phobia Claustrophobia.

J R Soc Med. One saw the head of a wolf when looking at himself in the mirror; another was convinced the bones in her body had been replaced by a pig’s, and one felt claws growing in her feet. The influence of culture on those hallucinations is interesting.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. Clinical lycanthropy has been seen as a cultural manifestation of schizophrenia due to the first four symptomatic criteria:. Pinho e Coinical, and J. This is an extremely rare condition, and is considered to be a combination of a psychotic episodes caused by some other condition, stuvy as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or clinical depression. According to these criteria, either a delusional belief in current or past transformation or behavior that suggests a person thinks of themselves as transformed is considered evidence of clinical lycanthropy.

Real-Life Werewolves: Psychiatry Re-Examines Rare Delusion

The first case report on clinical lycanthropy was published inand described a man admitted to an asylum in Nancy, France, who was convinced that he had turned into stury wolf. One of these neurological causes is the changes in parts of the brain that are involved in representing body shape, as one neuroimaging study shows: One important factor may be differences or changes in parts of the brain known to be involved in representing body shape e.


In other cases, negation projects to the exterior world, which is also seen in our patient when reporting people around him as dead. Adult personality and behavior. Clinical lycanthropy is defined as a rare psychiatric syndrome that involves a delusion that the affected person can transform into, has transformed into, or is a non-human animal.

Twenty days before admission to our unit, the patient refused to eat; he said the food was rotten as he was. Views Read Edit View history. This studyy was last edited on 17 Aprilat According to Persian traditionthe Buyid stidy Majd ad-Dawla was suffering from an illusion that he was a cow. A review of the literature is performed about this case. El Hage, and V. Schizophreniaschizotypal and delusional Psychosis lycanthrropy schizophrenia-like disorders Schizoaffective disorder Schizophreniform disorder Brief reactive psychosis.

clinical lycanthropy case study

But less attention has been given to clinical lycanthropy, a condition that, although rare, does occur.